Erect, unbranched stems (to 40” tall) arise from a large basal rosette. Leaves are lanceolate, undulating, and ‘crisped’ on the edge. Flowers are green, becoming rusty brown with age. The seeds are a shiny tan, and are encased in the tepals of the flower, which allows them to float so they can be dispersed by water. They also catch easily in the fur and feathers of animals, which also helps to disperse them.
Curly Dock is a primary larval host for the Gelechiid moth Chionodes ochreostrigella and the Noctuid moth Agrotis ipsilon (Ipsilon Dart).
It is native to Eurasia, and is considered to be an invasive species even in its native territory. It is a perennial and can most often be found in fields, and in disturbed and agricultural ground. It has become naturalized region wide. It blooms all summer.
Size- To 40” tall
Habitat- Fields, disturbed and agricultural ground
Range- Region wide
Blooms- All summer